Timber

We have a wide selection of the finest timbers, each with their unique characteristics that will help shape your floors.


Cypress Pine

Grows In: Eastern America

Hardness: 1360


Description

This unqiue timber has the oil in the heartwood which makes it extremely durable when exposed to moist conditions. Thus, this wood is popularly used in boat-building, flooring, shutters, shingles, fence post and panelling.

Colour Range

The pale yellowish white sapwood merges into the heartwood, which ranges from yellowish to light or dark brown, onto reddish-brown and almost black. It normally has straight grain, which may be even or uneven and a coarse texture. Knots are found on the wood.

Colour Change

It is soft to moderately hard, with moderate strenght and stiffness. It has medium crushing and bending strength. The wood works easily with hand and machines tools. Hold screws and nails well, glues satisfactorily, sands easily and readily accepts finishes.

Chinese / Russia Maple

Grows In: China, Russia

Hardness: 1450


Description

Its true, for warmth and charm nothing surpasses the beauty of real wood floors. Maple is incredibly strong and shock resistant, with particular resistance to abrasion and wear, making maple a classic beauty that you will be able to enjoy in your home for years to come.

Colour Range

The light, pale tone of maple accentuates the light of any room, both brightening the room while simultaneously making it appear more expansive. The reddish-brown heartwood is accompanied by tones that are sometimes tinged with reddish-brown as well.

Colour Change

The timber undergoes a medium degree of color change, with slight ambering from a pinkish white to a more mellowed color over time.

Ideal Use

Maple is the perfect choice for high traffic areas like hallways, family rooms and kitchens. With colors ranging from pale ashy white to warm honey-gold, maple is a wonderful backdrop for any decor from today's open, ultra contemporary styles to cozy, natural country decorating. The durability and hardness of the wood coupled with its natural attractiveness to make it an excellent floor choice for rooms that will see heavy use. The light color of maple flooring will resist showing wear for far longer than a darker wood, though you'll still need to take care if moving rolling carts or heavy items around.

Coconut

Grows In: Indonesia

Hardness: 1600


Description

Late in the last century men commercially planted coconut palms. Valued for It's oil and used it the host of other products, Coconut Palm flourished in the majority of the tropical regions. Coconut trees are the latest material to be used for floor. The wood from these coconut is as hard as maple and as dark as cherry. The rich coloring has beautiful graining. Only the outer third of the one foot diameter coconut trees is hard enough to use.

Colour

Colour tones and hues range from golden to near ebony. Coconut is not organised with separate sapwood and heart wood perimeters. It has no annual growth rings, no rays, no heartwood, no branches and no knots. Rather, it has the equivalent of vascular bundles that are spread throughout the cellulose structure of the tree and continuous and contiguous for the length of the tree. Non branching, the tree is naturally free of all knots

Ideal Use

Coconut has a rich, warm, natural look. They can be used in homes of any age and style. They are suitable for almost any rooms in the house.

Merbau

Grows In: Indo Malyasia, Indonesia, Philippines

Hardness: 1712


Woodworking Qualities

Carbide cutting tools are highly recommended because of Merbau's tendency to dull cutting-edge tools. Both species of Merbau sand and finish exceptionally. It must be noted that contact with iron or other ferrous metals can affect the coloration of Merbau, turning it black.

Species Characteristics

Merbau is very resistant to termites, and compares with Hickory for durability, but is less dense. Structurally, Merbau is very stable.

Appearance

After being cut, Merbau's heartwood is a yellow-brown to orange-brown color, and darkens to more brown and reddish with time. The graining of this wood can be interlocked, wavy, or straight. Something particular about Merbau is the sometimes apparent yellow or gold. goldish flecks that can make the appearance seemed speckled with gold.

Color Change

Merbau's coloring undergoes a darkening to a richer orangey brown color after installation, with a general muting of the variation of colors present when freshly milled.

Ideal Use

Primary uses for Merbau are cabinetry, furniture, decorative woodwork, and musical instruments, in addition to flooring.

Indian Ebony

Grows In: India

Hardness: 3250


Description

Indian ebony is reported to be rare and is one of the most expensive timbers on the commercial market It is notably hard, heavy, and strong, and also has a high natural resistance to decay Because of it hardness, Indian Ebony is very difficult to work with both hand and machine tools Pre-boring is always required for nailing and screwing, but the wood turns well and can be brought to a first class finish.

Color Range

The heartwood is black with reddish or brown streaks, which can be sometimes be grey-brown, pale brown or yellowish brown. The grain is usually straight but can be wavy or irregular, and has a fine texture, giving the wood a distinctive metallic lustre.

Color Change

Highly variable in color and grain contrast. Dark brown with black stripes to mostly black with slightly lighter brown or even salmon colored stripes. Some pieces are light chocolate brown with fairly widely spaced black streaks; others are almost pure black with only some showing of a dark brown background. Sapwood is light gray. This is not what most people think of when they think of ebony since it is usually nowhere near being pure black. It can be a very attractive wood due to the striking alternation of black and brown or it can be more murky when the brown is nearly black and the distinction between black and brown is fuzzy.

Hinoki

Grows In: Japan

Hardness: -


Description

Hinoki is seen as a time of purification and relaxation from the stress and tensions of the modern world. For centuries they have considered Hinoki the preferred wood for building palaces, temples, shrines and bath environments. It is one of Japan's most prized woods It is the wood from which Emperor's palaces and caskets were made.

Colour and Properties

Hinoki is a valuable species of tree that grows primarily in Asia and the western United States. It is a lemon-scented, light-colored wood with rich, straight grain, and is highly rot resistant It is a very beautiful, yellow-white or pale pink wood with a smooth or marbled grainboth decay and insect pests, but it is also a heavier and far stronger wood. It can be quite hard to split with impact alone and can withstand a considerable amount of bending. Depending on the quality and the grain, it can also be hard to cut with a saw. Needless to say, hinoki is an excellent wood for building

Ivorywood

Grows In: South America

Hardness: 1500


Description

Ivorywood is a dense, cream-colored wood widely used as an American Maple substitute in furniture. Ivorywood has distinctive "curl" markings somewhat similar to "curly" American Maple but which run in varying angles.

Color Range

Ivorywood offers a medium range of color variability, ranging from pale cream colors to yellowish cream tones. In the lower grades, the darker tan/brown colors of the heartwood can be found.

Ideal Use

Ivorywood undergoes a medium degree of color change, with a slight ambering over time to a more golden cream color and with a muting of the color range found when freshly sanded.

Blackmosia

Grows In: South Africa

Hardness: 1560


Description

Blackmosia is very uniform colored dense hardwood which offers a lot of "ribbon striped" figure when quarter sawn.

Color Range

Blackmosia is a dark golden tan colour with black strips.

Color Change

Blackmosia undergoes a large degree of color change over time with pronounced darkening from a dark golden tan color when freshly milled to a uniform dark brown when fully aged.

Tasmanian Blue Gum

Grows In: Australia

Hardness: 2023


Description

Tasmanian Bluegum is one of the Tasmania's most durable timber, which combined with its strength makes it a good structural timber. Its notable hardness and density makes it ideal for flooring, fittings and surfaces expected to take considerable wear.

Color Range

Tasmanian Blue Gum is a pale straw to brown colour often with a blue to green grey tone. Sapwood is paler than the heart wood but not always distinguishable. The wood has an open texture with distinctive growth rings. The growth rings prominent on the end section. Grains are often interlocked but straight grains do exist too.

Ideal Use

Blue Gum is strong and very durable and has been used for a variety of uses including railway sleepers, piles, floorboards and also paper products. A very good structural timber.

Amazonian Birch

Grows In: South America

Hardness: 1500


Description

Amazonian Birch is a dense, cream-colored wood. medium gold tan colour. Amazonian Birch has distinctive "curl" markings. Amazonian Birch undergoes steaming treatment to give it a medium gold tan colour.

Color Range

Amazonian Birch offers a medium range of color variability, colors of the heartwood can be found. ranging from pale cream colors to yellowish cream tones. In the lower grades, the darker tan/brown.

Color Change

Amazonian Birch undergoes a medium degree of color change, range found when freshly sanded. with a slight ambering over time to a more golden cream color and with a muting of the color

Ironwood

Grows In: Indochina

Hardness: 3010


Description

Ironwood is a dark purple-brown to dark red-brown and its grain is moderately well-defined, fine and even.

Color Range

Sapwood is well-defined by colour. Heartwood is light brown to almost bright yellow when freshly cut but darkens on exposure to a deep reddish brown, becoming very dark purple-brown to dark red-brown or even black with age.

Ideal Uses

Ironwood is strong, its grains are more beautiful than its counter-timber Balau & Chengal, thus it is also widely used for timber flooring. Also used as an outdoor timber, for heavy construction, marine piling, boat construction, sharves, fence posts, heavy-duty industrial flooring and shingles.

Balau

Grows In: Malaysia

Hardness: 1640


Description

Balau is a very dense tightly grained wood that is heavily laden with rich tropical oils and resins. Balauís texture is very fine and even. The grain is interlocked, often giving rise to faint stripe figure: texture is moderately fine and even.

Color Range

The appeal of Yellow Balau is its resemblance in color and grain to Teak, although at a much lower cost. It's sapwood is moderately well defined and lighter in colour than heartwood. Resin canals usually with white contents, occur characteristically in concentric lines on the end surface but the wood is not resinous.

Color Change

The colour of freshly cut heartwood is yellow-brown, or brown with reddish tinge, weathering ultimately to a deeper shade of brown or reddish dark brown.

IPE Walnut

Grows In: South America

Hardness: 2800


Description

Ipe is a low-luster wood with an oily appearance, a fine-to-medium texture, and a grain that ranges from straight to very irregular.

Color Range

The heartwood of ipe ranges from olive brown to blackish, though it can have lighter or darker striping that is sharply demarcated from the whitish or yellowish sapwood.

Color Change

Can vary from light yellowish tan with green overtones to almost blackish brown; exhibits a large range of coloration when freshly milled; darkens over time to medium to dark brown.

Tasmanian Oak

Grows In: Australia

Hardness: 1010


Description

Tasmanian Oak is a warm, dense and resilient hardwood. It works extremely well and produces an excellent finish. It can be used in all forms of construction as scantlings, panelling and flooring. It is recognised for its excellent staining qualities.

Timber Grains

Grain interlocked and sometimes wavy, together with dark growth bands produce an attractive figure; somewhat lustrous; has a fragrant odor which persists even when dry.

Colour Range

Heartwood light yellow, golden brown, reddish brown, to a distinct red; sapwood whitish or pale straw, clearly defined.

Colour Change

The heartwood is bright yellowish red to dark brick red, streaked with darker lines. Although it is rather lustrous when freshly cut, it mellows to an attractive golden brown upon exposure and age.

Bamboo / Carbonised Bamboo

Grows In: China

Hardness: 1260


Description

The species has a very linear grain and is fairly smooth in texture. Bamboo is a renewable resource due to its short growth time requirement. It only takes about four years from planting to harvest time to prepare it for flooring applications.

Color Range

Natural bamboo is pale yellow in color, while the carbonized variety of bamboo is more brownish-yellow in color.

Color Change

Typically available in light (manila/yellow tones) or dark (tannish brown) shades. Colors vary between manufacturers.

Brazilian Teak

Grows In: South America

Hardness: 1500


Description

Brazilian Teak is a dense, cream-colored wood widely used as an American Maple substitute in furniture. Brazilian Teak has distinctive "curl" markings somewhat similar to "curly" American Maple but which run in varying angles.

Color Range

Brazilian Teak offers a medium range of color variability, ranging from pale cream colors to yellowish cream tones. In the lower grades, the darker tan/brown colors of the heartwood can be found.

Color Change

Brazilian Teak undergoes a medium degree of color change, with a slight ambering over time to a more golden cream color and with a muting of the color range found when freshly sanded.

Brazilian Cherry - Jatoba

Grows In: South America

Hardness: 2820


Description

Brazilian Cherry have a reddish cast, but they vary greatly in tone and color. Some manufacturers use a steam process to bleed the darker heartwood color into the sapwood. Brazilian Cherry is the one of the most popular imported species given its inherent beauty, rich coloring and superior hardness.

Colour Range

Brazilian Cherry, when first milled is a tan/salmon color with black striping which turns a rich deep red color over time. The colour varies from yellowish hues to pink/reds to dark reds with black striping. Quartered selection yields the most uniform look/color range.

Colour Change

Like domestic cherry, Brazilian Cherry will change dramatically over time from the yellow/tan/salmon color when freshly milled into a deep rich reddish color. In direct sunlight, the color change will occur within a few days. Out of sunlight, it will oxidize slowly over six months. Water based finishes tend to retard the color change while oil based finishes enhance it.

Ideal Use

Brazilian Cherry, with its durability and moisture resistance, is an excellent choice for rooms that will see heavy use, including kitchens and bathroom. Its deep red tones and the wide variability in coloring from board to board can make a dramatic background in a contemporary or Mediterranean style room.

Ash

Grows In: Europe, America

Hardness: 1320


Description

Ash machines well, is good in nailing, screwing and gluing, and can be stained to a very good finish. It dries fairly easily with minimal degrade, and there is little movement in performance.Ash has very good overall strength properties relative to its weight. It has excellent shock resistance and is good for steam bending.

Colour Range

The sapwood is light-colored to nearly white and the heartwood varies from greyish or light brown, to pale yellow streaked with brown. The wood is generally straight-grained with a coarse uniform texture. The degree and availability of light-colored sapwood, and other properties, will vary according to the growing regions.

Colour Change

Ash undergoes a medium degree of color change over time by ambering from a pale cream colored when freshly sanded to a more a straw tan color as it ages.

Ideal Use

The durability of ash makes it a great choice for high-traffic areas like family rooms and children's rooms. Take advantage of the natural light coloring to brighten a room that doesn't get much natural light, or make a small area like a hallway appear larger. The bold, open grain is perfect to help set off a contemporary, casual decor, from Scandinavian to Southwestern. The pale neutral cream to tan color will work with any colors that you choose for furnishings and paint, providing a dramatic contrast to bright and bold tones, and a soothing natural blend with pastels and other neutrals.

Beech

Grows In: Europe with related Species in N. America

Hardness: 1320


Description

Beech is a popular choice for gymnasium and other athletic floors. Flexible, durable and beautiful, it's been used for floors and other building for centuries. The durability of birch and its enduring popularity in building makes it one of the more popular 'reclaimed' woods using in recycled flooring.

Colour Range

European Beech offers a medium range of color variability in each of the color ranges this wood is offered in. In the drying process, Beech which is steamed yields a pink/orangey tan color, while the unsteamed Beech yields a blonde tan colored wood. Beech ranges in color from a light cream color on through to a medium tan brown and when steamed will have the pinkish/orangey overtones.

Colour Change

European Beech undergoes a medium degree of color change with a slight muting of the orangey tan colors and an ambering in color over time.

Ideal Use

Beech's warm red tones and fine, close grain help create an elegant wood floor with a tight even grain. As beautiful as it is durable, it's an excellent choice for a professional looking office, or for a busy family room floor. It's one of the woods recommended for making athletic and auditorium floors, but is as at home as the setting for a traditional or contemporary residential room decor.

Canadian Beech

Grows In: Canada / Europe

Hardness: 1320


Description

Beech is a popular choice for gymnasium and other athletic floors. Flexible, durable and beautiful, it's been used for floors and other building for centuries. The durability of birch and its enduring popularity in building makes it one of the more popular 'reclaimed' woods using in recycled flooring.

Colour Range

Beech offers a medium range of color variability in each of the color ranges this wood is offered in. In the drying process, Beech which is steamed yields a pink/orangey tan color, while the unsteamed Beech yields a blonde tan colored wood. Beech ranges in color from a light cream color on through to a medium tan brown and when steamed will have the pinkish/orangey overtones.

Colour Change

Beech undergoes a medium degree of color change with a slight muting of the orangey tan colors and an ambering in color over time.

Ideal Use

Beech's warm red tones and fine, close grain help create an elegant wood floor with a tight even grain. As beautiful as it is durable, it's an excellent choice for a professional looking office, or for a busy family room floor. It's one of the woods recommended for making athletic and auditorium floors, but is as at home as the setting for a traditional or contemporary residential room decor.

Birch

Grows In: Europe

Hardness: 1260


Description

The variations in coloring of natural birch make it a popular choice for hardwood floors in homes and businesses. It ranges in color from creamy pale white to the deep, rich tones of red birch heartwood. Several different species of birch are used in flooring products, each with its own qualities. All are hard enough to withstand the punishment of an active family, and flexible enough to be workable for parquet and strip flooring.

Colour Range

The color of birch is affected by both the species of birch and the part of the tree that is used. In general, the sapwood - younger and softer, is a pale, creamy tan. The heartwood, from the center of the tree, has a deeper richer color and may be golden tan to reddish brown. Birch has a fine, even, straight grain with a uniform texture. The natural variations in color between sapwood and heartwood make the contrast between pale yellow and deep, rich red particularly striking in combination.

Colour Change

In yellow birch (B. Alleghaniensis), sapwood is creamy yellow pale while; heartwood is light reddish brown tinged with red. In sweet birch (B.Lenta), sapwood is light colored and heartwood is dark brown tinged with red.

Ideal Use

The durability of birch makes it a good choice for living areas that see medium to high traffic, or office floors. The red tones can warm a cool space, and lend it a touch of elegant coziness. It's the perfect accent for traditional decor, but looks equally at home in a contemporary room with earth tones or bright colors.

Wenge

Grows In: South Africa

Hardness: 1630


Description

Strength properties of the timber are reported to vary with density, but bending strength in the air-dry condition is generally very high. Strength qualities in compression parallel to grain are exceptionally high. It is moderately hard and resistant to wearing and marring. Weight and density are very high.

Colour Range

The heartwood is dark brown, mostly black, with fine, closely spaced, very dark veins and white lines. The grain is fairly straight to slightly roey. The combination of white bands against the dark wood with black streaks gives Wenge a very attractive appearance. Wenge is offered in selected straight grain for a very uniform look or in mixed graining, where the flat sawn figure yields a visible "flower" look. Wenge, once aged is very uniform in color.

Colour Change

Wenge exhibits a large degree of color change with pronounced darkening from the yellowish color it is when freshly milled to a deep chocolate/black brown when aged. This process happens within a few months. Exposure lightens the dark color of the wood, and lumber is reported to be occasionally left in the sun on purpose to lighten the color.

Ideal Use

Wenge is used wherever a strong contrast is desired when used as accent strips and may used residentially & commercially.

Oak

Grows In: America , Europe

Hardness: 1360


Description

White Oak is the American classic, used widely in "Mission" style furniture where the distinctive rays found in the quarter sawn grain are sought. White oak timbers are reported to have exceptional resistance to wear which makes them highly suitable for applications such as flooring in heavy traffic areas.

Timber Grains

The timber is straight grained with a pleasing and there may and flash of darker or lighter colour. There might be some odd small knots and there are occasional crotches, swirls and burls, and plainswan boards have plumed or flare-grained appearance.

Colour Range

The heartwood is variable in color, and ranges from light tan or pale yellow brown to pale or dark brown. White Oak has a medium high degree of color variability and ranges from light tan colors to medium tan colors with a grayish cast to medium brown colors.

Maple

Grows In: Canada, America

Hardness: 1450


Description

The easy availability, durability and resistance to marring has made hardwood maple the floor of choice in bowling alleys, gymnasiums and sports arenas for decades.The pale white-blond color is attractive, and warms to a honey tone in the heartwood, making it a popular choice for airy contemporary rooms, where it's a beautiful backdrop for greenery and furniture.

Colour Range

The color is light, ranging from a pale, almost silvery white to a warm light tan. Maple has a closed, subdued grain with very distinctive patterns. Curlicues, swirls and 'birds-eyes' are not uncommon, though boards that show the most attractive grain patterns are sometimes culled from lots of wood to be sold at a premium

Colour Change

American Maple undergoes a medium degree of color change, with slight ambering from a cream/white to a more golden cream color over time.

Ideal Use

Maple is the perfect choice for high traffic areas like hallways, family rooms and kitchens. With colors ranging from pale ashy white to warm honey-gold, maple is a wonderful backdrop for any decor from today's open, ultra contemporary styles to cozy, natural country decorating. The durability and hardness of the wood coupled with its natural attractiveness to make it an excellent floor choice for rooms that will see heavy use. The light color of maple flooring will resist showing wear for far longer than a darker wood, though you'll still need to take care if moving rolling carts or heavy items around.

Zebrano

Grows In: South Africa

Hardness: 1575


Description

Bending strength of air-dried wood is similar to that of Teak, which is considered to be strong. Compression strength parallel to grain in the air-dry condition is high. Zebrano timber is reported to be fairly hard, very heavy, very dense, with good toughness and impact properties. Although it is strong, its uses usually do not require great strength.

Colour Range

The heartwood is light golden-yellow or pale yellow-brown in color, with narrow-veining or streaks of dark brown to almost black, Zebrano exhibits a wide range of color variation, as the name suggests. giving a zebra-stripe appearance. Zebrano is typically sold in a quartered selection to maximize the contrasting striping. With distinct brown/black lines alternating between a tan colored background, Zebrano is primarily used for design accents.

Colour Change

Zebrano, over time, undergoes a medium degree of color change, with the ambering and darkening of the straw/tan background into a more golden brown base as the dark striping becomes even darker.

African Golden Teak - Afromosia

Grows In: South Africa

Hardness: 1560


Description

African Golden Teak is very uniform colored dense hardwood which offers a lot of "ribbon striped" figure when quarter sawn. The wood weighs about 690kg /m3 when seasoned and dries slowly but well with little degrade. There is exceptionally small movement in service. It is very durable, resistance to both fungi and termites and extremely resistance to preservative treatment.

Colour Range

African Golden Teak is one of the most uniform in color range woods. Africian Golden Teak is a golden tan teak color when freshly milled.

Colour Change

African Golden Teak undergoes a large degree of color change over time with pronounced darkening from a golden tan color when freshly milled to a uniform medium brown when fully aged.

Chengal

Grows In: Malaysia

Hardness: 2130


Description

Luster moderate; grain usually only shallowly interlocked; texture fine and even; odor and taste not distinctive.

Colour Range

Sapwood is well-defined. When freshly sawn the heartwood is light yellow-brown with a distinct greenish tinge, darkening on exposure to dark Purple- brown or rust red. Grain is interlocked. Texture is fine and even.

Colour Change

Heartwood light yellow brown with a distinct green tinge when fresh, changing on exposure to a dark brown or dark purple brown; sharply demarcated from the pale yellow sapwood.

Patagonian Walnut

Grows In: South America

Hardness: 2800


Description

Patagonian Walnut is in the same family as Brazilian Walnut / Ipe. It is a lighter brown color than Brazilian Walnut and offers golden/tan highlights. It also offers more rowed grain/curl figure than Brazilian Walnut. The wood walnut has a very high resistance to all insect and fungal attack. Because of its high durability it is use for Naval Construction, bridge building, archery bow and where high demand is required on your flooring.

Colour Range

Patagonian Walnut is in the same family as Brazilian Walnut / Ipe. It is a lighter brown color than Brazilian Walnut and offers golden/tan highlights. It also offers more rowed grain/curl figure than Brazilian Walnut. The wood walnut has a very high resistance to all insect and fungal attack. Because of its high durability it is use for Naval Construction, bridge building, archery bow and where high demand is required on your flooring.

Colour Change

Patagonian Walnut exhibits a medium degree of color change as the the wider color range in the freshly milled wood will quickly mute to a more uniform range and in color will also darken from a fresh milled gold/greenish color to a medium brown tone with golden highlights.

Teak

Grows In: Burma and Indonesia

Hardness: 1000


Description

Teak has been prized for centuries as one of the worlds most durable and stable woods for outdoor use. Traditionally used on boats and in outdoor furniture, Teak has also been widely used for flooring. Teak has high bending strength in the air-dry condition (about 12 percent moisture content). It compares favorably with American oak (Quercus ), which also has high bending strength. Compression strength parallel to grain in the air-dry condition is also high. Hardness is rated as medium, and weight and density are high.

Colour Range

Teak exhibits a wide range of colors when fresh cut, from pale yellows to orange browns with darker striping, all of which mellows into medium brown tones. Most other heartwood found in this species is dark golden yellow. There is moderate to high color variation between boards.

Colour Change

Teak undergoes an extreme degree of color change with pronounced color change from the highly variegated coloring found in material fresh sanded which then darkens into rich brown with darker, chocolate-brown markings upon exposure.

Ideal Use

Teak may be used residentially wherever the distinguished look of one of the world's most prized woods is desired.

Indian Rosewood

Grows In: India

Hardness: 1780


Description

Indian Rosewood is a beautiful, rosewood like wood with black striping on top of a dark brown background.

Colour Range and Grain

Indian Rosewood offers a wide range of colors from medium to light browns through to almost black brown purplish tones, on top of which there is frequent black striping.

Colour Change

Indian Rosewood undergoes a substantial degree of color change as the wood lightens over time and more so in direct sunlight from the darker brown tones to lighter gold/tan tones with a muting the fresh milled color variation.

American Walnut

Grows In: America

Hardness: 1010


Description

American Walnut is America's most prized hardwood and is used extensively in fine furniture.

Colour Range

American Walnut has a wide range of color variability from a contrasting cream colored sapwood to tan to medium brown to chocolate brown heartwood.

Colour Change

American Walnut exhibits a medium high degree of color change with the dark brown heartwood lightening over time to a more golden brown with the muting of the color variation found when freshly milled.

Red Oak

Grows In: North America

Hardness: 1290


Description

More than 200 subspecies in North America; a great variation in colour and grain depending on the origin of the wood and differences in growing seasons. Northern, Southern and Appalachian red oak all can be divided into upland and lowland species. Because they can grow more slowly, upland species have a more uniform grain pattern than the lowland species, with more growth rings per inch.

Colour Range and Grain

Heartwood and sapwood are similar, with the sapwood lighter in colour; most pieces havea reddish tone. Slightly redder than white oak. Red Oak has an open, slightly coatser (more porous) than white oak. Plainsawn boards have a plumed or flared grain appearance; riftsawn has tighter grain pattern,low figuring; quarter-sawn has a flake pattern, sometimes called the tiger rays or butterflies.

Colour Change

Red Oak has a medium range of color variability from lighter tan tones with pinkish highlights to darker browns. Red Oak undergoes a medium degree of color change over time with a slight ambering of the pinkish tan brown color you get when freshly milled.

Ideal Use

Red Oak is widely used for wood flooring in North America where it is revered for its warm, pink hues and versatility.

Bangkirai

Grows In: Indonesia

Hardness: 1798


Description

Bangkirai is one of the world's most durable hardwoods, providing a lifetime low-maintenance deck. It is also extremely resistant to termite attack and decay fungi. Wood texture ranges from fine to sometimes coarse with a glossy surface, due to its straight or interlocked grains.

Colour Range

The heartwood of Bangkirai is brownish yellow, the sapwood yellowish pale light brown. The radial section shows stripes in a lighter colour.

Colour Change

Bangkirai decking can be sealed (using a penetrating oil sealer) to show it's natural reddish-brown color & grain appearance; or if left alone, turns silver gray.

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